Haryana Plots Getting Unique IDs under SVAMITVA for Better Administration

haryana land mapping drones

Effective land administration systems ensure the implementation of befitting land policies and management strategies that are in line with the tenets of sustainable development. In this view, the Haryana Government’s ambitious undertaking of mapping all plots across districts and allocating them unique IDs is a step in the right direction.

Through this initiative, the Haryana Government is recording and digitizing records of even those properties that haven’t had any proper documentation in the past. This practice is set to emerge as an essential aspect of city planning, management and administration in the coming years, transforming governance and other verticals.

The decision came after the Government finished mapping of 6,286 villages using drone surveys and registered lal dora areas. 

What are ‘Lal Dora’ Areas?

The term ‘Lal Dora’ was coined during the British Regime. Translating to ‘Red Thread’, it refers to the practice of drawing red lines on a map to demarcate agricultural areas from non-agricultural ones (abadi areas).

The plots referred to as ‘Lal Dora’ are not registered with either the authorities or the government. In the absence of any documents to prove ownership, the plot often ends up becoming a cause of dispute between families. The planning to map and identify land in the state is aimed at registering such plots to reduce future hassles. 

A Work in Progress 

The initiative is part of the government’s Survey of Villages Abadi & Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas (SVAMITVA) scheme.

After the areas are mapped and recorded, the Lal Dora plot owners will receive proper documents from authorities. “This will support us to keep a check on conflicts over land ownership”, commented Deputy Commissioner Nishant Yadav. 

“The Centre has so far issued more than 19 lakh property IDs after recording ‘Lal Dora’ plots in villages. In urban regions, the government will now design a database of all properties in private colonies, areas under the municipal corporation and HSVP sectors. This data will be shared with the civic body”. 

Why the Need for Land Mapping and Registration?

In areas where ‘Lal Dora’ plots did not have any ownership claimants, the Government could not collect any revenue through property taxation. These regions came to be free from the governance of any building bye-laws. Ultimately, the lack of proper records and administration led to unplanned development and encroachments in the areas.

Now, the digital record and registration of each plot are paving the way for improved administrative convenience and future planning. Drones are being used to survey and map properties so that a comprehensive property validation solution can be developed.

The Centre has so far issued more than 19 lakh property IDs after recording ‘Lal Dora’ plots in villages. In urban regions, the government will now design a database of all properties in private colonies, areas under the municipal corporation and HSVP sectors.

Besides, the creation of unique IDs is helping ‘Lal Dora’ plot owners secure financial services, including loans against their properties. This is a huge milestone for the country’s land administration system.

Out of a total of 7,187 villages in the state, drone-based surveying and imaging of 5,554 villages has already been completed. The top performers include the Rewari district, where drone imaging of all Lal Dora has been completed, followed by Bhiwani and Mahendragarh.

11 districts of Haryana will be free of the Lal Dora system in the immediate weeks, while the remaining will be free of Lal Dora plots in the next six months after getting unique IDs.  

Additionally, 345 villages in Haryana have been declared Lal Dora free and 43,166 title deeds registered till March 30 for Lal Dora areas. Registration through an easy-to-use interactive web portal has also been made available, facilitating the sale and purchase of registered properties. 

Words of Encouragement from the Chief Minister 

Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar directed Panchkula Deputy Commissioner to complete the drone mapping work in the Morni block of the district within a month. He has assured ready assistance by concerned departments when needed.

The Chief Minister further directed all officials that ten more drones would be allotted for the project so that at least one drone is available in every district. This will help fast-track the mapping and assigning of IDs to Haryana plots in lesser time.

“The consolidation work should be done again after every 50 years and a separate cadre should be made for the consolidation work. The land should be assessed on the basis of acreage rather than a village. A digital platform e-Bhoomi portal has been provided for people voluntarily giving land for government projects.”

Registration via Passport for the properties of NRIs

Sharing Aadhaar card numbers has been made mandatory for booking appointments for new deeds and registration. For NRIs who do not have Aadhaar cards and were facing difficulty in taking appointments, the rule has been relaxed to include Passport numbers as a mandatory requirement.

One Step Today, A Giant Leap Tomorrow!

Throughout human history, the socioeconomic importance of land has been enormous. The bulk of rural and tribal areas in contemporary India are impacted by issues related to access, ownership, and verification of agricultural and non-agricultural land. Urban residential and commercial development also depends heavily on land policy and administration.

While India has long struggled with a convoluted and ineffective land management system, there is a growing demand for secure land and property rights for everyone. The digitising of cadastral records to create a comprehensive national database of land information is a step in this direction by the Government.

With the pace at which the SVAMITVA project is sustaining, we can expect substantial progress in documentation and IDs allotment for Haryana plots in only six months from now. This is set to contribute integrally in the future planning, expansion and development of the state’s urban areas, besides offering protection and prominence to Haryana’s agricultural land. 


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